Superhero Quest: Compare Snowguard to Snowbird (First Nations connections)

Meet Marvel Superhero Amka Aliyak, an Inuk teenager from Nunavut, Canada Amka can harness the spiritual energies of the Arctic: resulting in the powers of:

  • Animal Shape-shifting,
  • Flight, and :
  • Aurora Manipulation

Who should be the next super hero? Who is not represented or under-represented in the super hero world? What problems would they solve? Who would be their nemesis?

Next, research and compare Snowguard to Snowbird.
  • What are their similarities? What are their differences?
  • Which one do you like better and why?
  • If they were to meet, would they be friends or enemies? Why?

MOOCs or Massive Open Online Courses

Universities around the world are offering their courses online for free (or at least partially free). These courses are collectively called MOOCs or Massive Open Online Courses. Here’s the list!

Class Central! We are excited to be a part of your educational journey. If you are new to MOOCs or free online courses, please read our FAQ to understand how they work.

Class Central has helped over 10 million people find great online courses offered for free by some of the best universities and teachers in the world. Reviews from the Class Central community help you understand if a course is right for you.

Here are two ways you can use Class Central right away to find courses:

  1. Browse our Subjects categories for topics you are interested in. You can also use the search bar to type in keywords.
  2. Look at courses that are about to start or are self-paced. These are guaranteed to be available for sign up.

As you browse courses, you can use the + icon next to the course name to add it to your list of My Courses These can be seen on your profile page. Here is mine as an example:

You will also be notified when new sessions of courses you are interested in are announced. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to send me a message by replying to this email.

Never stop learning!

Dhawal Shah
Founder & CEO, Class Central

Ingenium – Let’s Talk Energy – Climate Change Resources


Let’s Talk Energy is a national program aims to enhance energy awareness and literacy among Canadians to contribute to a sustainable energy future.


The Let’s Talk Energy initiative invites all people in Canada to explore energy systems, and to reflect on the relationship between energy, the economy and the environment.

Let’s Talk Energy also seeks to connect people in Canada with the realities of our changing climate. We deliver all of our programming aiming to be holistic in our storytelling so that the people we reach leave us more empowered in their own lives to make informed decisions about energy and climate change.

Let’s Talk Energy brings together a national network of partners and allies to inform and engage people in Canada on energy and climate change topics.

The initiative works to:

  • Further energy and climate change literacy amongst people in Canada
  • Maximize the number of people in Canada engaged in a dialogue on our energy and climate change futures
  • Educate people in Canada on the important role science and technology play and has played in shaping our energy past, present and future.

We do this using…

  • Exhibitions (in house and travelling)
  • School Programs and Kits
  • Lesson Plans and infographics
  • Social Media programming, outreach, and engagement
  • Virtual Tools
  • Outreach at events

To date our efforts have resulted in

  • 13+ million people reached since 2011
  • 46,000+ websites visits per year
  • 6 award winning exhibitions
  • Annual social media reach of 2+ million

Order our Free Educational Posters on Climate Change for your Classroom:

  • Educate on climate change, and the challenges and opportunities it poses (order here)
  • Teach about our changing climate, its impacts and how Canadians are adapting (order here)

NSERC Little Inventors Inventions for Space – Dec 21, 2018

Space challenge web banner EN

NSERC has teamed up with the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to bring a once in a lifetime initiative to Canada! The Little Inventors Inventions for Space Contest!

Student invention ideas may be turned into real objects by Canadian makers and will be exhibited next May during Science Odyssey for all to see. Kids and students, including those who have already submitted an idea, can enter the challenge up until December 21st to get closer to this once in a lifetime opportunity!

Entries need to be submitted by midnight on Friday, December 21, 2018


NSERC Space Challenge resource pack

Students learn about life in space then draw their invention ideas to make astronaut’s life easier or more fun.

Launch your imagination with our space challenge!


How to enter!

Little Inventors SPACE is open to all elementary school students across Canada and is recommended to up to grade 9 or ages 14-15.

Teachers and parents can submit the children’s inventions, you don’t have to be a school to take part!

Entries need to be submitted by midnight on Friday December 21, 2018

The next phase of selection process will take place by end of January 2019 and the students whose inventions are selected will be paired with a maker or artisan to produce their ideas between February and April 2019.

Children can submit more than one invention idea.

Submit invention ideas through our upload page.

  1. Draw your inventionon our NSERC Space Challenge worksheet
  2. Scan the *whole* sheetas straight on as possible
  3. Upload itin JPEG, PNG or GIF format(choose a file)
Each invention idea will comprise of an image of a clear drawing, the name, age and location of the inventor, the name of the invention and a description, and a contact email address.

Indigenous Perspective Guide

indigenous perspective guide banner

This guide aims to engage students in thinking critically about our historical narratives, and help them consider how both individual and collective worldviews shape — and are shaped by — history.  

Popular narratives of Canadian history have most frequently been told from the perspective of European settlers. As a result, Indigenous experiences have often been neglected or excluded from the telling of our country’s history. For a more comprehensive understanding of Canada’s history, it is important to examine it from Indigenous perspectives. Doing so requires students to explore the depth, breadth, diversity, and regional variation of experiences of Indigenous peoples in the land that is now Canada. It is also necessary to examine the legacy and consequences of colonialism and the repressive policies to which Indigenous peoples have been subjected. This guide aims to engage students in thinking critically about our historical narratives, and help them consider how both individual and collective worldviews shape — and are shaped by — history. Much of the history of Indigenous peoples in Canada in the last two centuries is characterized by institutionalized discrimination and inequity, through colonialist and assimilationist efforts such as the Indian Act and Residential Schools. However, Indigenous peoples have not been passive over this time. To the contrary, they have been active agents — acting independently and collectively to resist colonial restrictions, to preserve their traditions, languages and beliefs, and to advocate for their
established but often-ignored rights.

The development and production of Historica Canada’s bilingual education guides is a collaborative process that engages history educators, academic historians, and community stakeholders in content creation and lesson planning. Historica Canada is grateful to share the voices of Indigenous educators and scholars within this guide.

The activities draw upon the historical thinking framework developed by Dr. Peter Seixas and the Historical Thinking Project. The guide provides classroom activities designed to promote research and analysis, engage critical thinking and communication skills, and explore the challenging ethical questions of Canadian history. Educators may want to use all of the lessons in a sequence, or choose the most relevant lessons as standalone activities. 

Supporting documents for this Learning Tool

File type File size Action
Indigenous Perspectives Education Guide PDF 7.73 MB Download
Indigenous Perspectives Timeline PDF 2.44 MB Download
Indigenous Perspectives Worksheets – All Activities PDF 2.85 MB Download
Activity_1_Worksheet_-_Whose_Land_Is_This.pdf PDF 149 KB Download
Activity_2_Worksheet_-_What_is_Where._Why_There._Why_Care..pdf PDF 96.5 KB Download
Activity_4_Worksheet_-_Fur_Trade_Primary_Source_Analysis.pdf PDF 835 KB Download
Activity_6_Worksheet_-_Facebook_Profile_Page.pdf PDF 339 KB Download
Activity_7_Worksheet_-_5Ws_Reading_Comprehension_Chart-The_Indian_Act.pdf PDF 96.7 KB Download
Activity_7_Worksheet_-_Indian_Act_Amendments.pdf PDF 101 KB Download
Activity_10_Worksheet_-_Stories_of_Resistance.pdf PDF 192 KB Download
Activity_11_Worksheet_-_Fishbone_Chart-_The_Sixties_Scoop.pdf PDF 317 KB Download
Activity_14_Worksheet_-_Media_Interpretations.pdf PDF 95.1 KB Download
Activity_16_Worksheet_-_5Ws_Reading_Comprehension_Chart-_Modern_Treaties_and_Land_Claims.pdf PDF 94.3 KB Download

The Importance of Challenge & Rigor


Rigour is pushing yourself beyond what is easy. We push ourselves beyond our individual limits in order to get better at something: sports, reading, math, dieting. To make progress in anything, there has to be an element of rigour.

Without rigour, gifted students may never learn to struggle and learn to battle through something difficult. They may shy away from challenges that don’t come easily because they haven’t learned to struggle or make mistakes. It’s about a Growth Mindset. Education should push students to move beyond who and where they were when they entered the classroom. They need to know our job is to push them, and their job is to be pushed.

“Rigor is the goal of helping students develop the capacity to understand content that is complex, ambiguous, provocative, and personally or emotionally challenging.”

Teaching What Matters Most: Standards and Strategies for Raising Student Achievement by Richard W. Strong, Harvey F. Silver and Matthew J. Perini  ASCD 2001

Rigour helps Students

  • Be resilient and develop grit
  • Think critically and be able to solve problems
  • Be able to ask the right kinds of questions
  • Be able to think with agility and bring adaptable skills to the market
  • willing to try new approaches
  • Be able to communicate
  • Be able to access and analyze information
  • Think creatively



Written with M. Reist

The Stock Market – Why Invest & Key Terminology

Investing is not only about investors making money. The fate of the world is in the investors’ hands. Without investors, there would be no businesses, and without businesses there would be no jobs and no government, because people would have no income to pay the taxes that support the government.

If students are inspired to invest on their own, so much the better, The earlier a person gets started down this path, the more likely the long-term results will be profitable.

Stocks offer the best chance to create wealth over time, both for the people who own the stocks and for the companies that grow and expand with the money that’s raised from the stock market.

Why Invest? Compounding Interest

stck market

Though there are no guarantees in the stock market, from 1928 through 2017, the S&P 500 index produced a 9.8 percent average annualized total return.

With compounding, when you invest your money in something like an index fund, you see a return on that money each year, as the stocks in the fund increase in value.

Then, the following year, the amount of money you earn compounds, meaning you’ll see a return on both your initial investment and the additional return it already brought in the prior year.

If you invested $1,000 into an index fund, for instance, and saw a 10 percent annual return, you would make $1,100 the first year. A 10 percent return on that amount the next year would turn your investment into $1,210.

The gains will continue to get larger because each year, money is made from the previous year’s profits. With that 10 percent average annual return, one can double their money in about seven years.

For instance, if a 22-year-old is just entering the work force they have more than 40 years before they retire. They can invest $10,000 in an S&P index fund right now with the anticipation that the next 40 years won’t be too different from the last 40 years.

In that case, if the average return remained at 10 percent, in 40 years that $10,000 investment will be worth more than $450,000. Making that money didn’t require any stock picking or trading or even research on individual companies. Continue reading